Here’s another magical–in every sense–mystery, the eight sandstone mounds of Sunduki (“Boxes”) in Siberia, which appear to be the world’s oldest observatory. Sunduki is near the Bely Iyus river in the Abakan River Basin in Khakassia, south-central Siberia (not the town of the same region in Tver region). According to a piece in the Siberian Times,

In all, Sunduki comprises eight fantastical sandstone mounts rising incongruously from a flood plain on the bank of the Bely Iyus. Parallel to each other, almost equal in size, they are crowned with strange rock hats looking like giant boxes or chests.

The word ‘Sunduk’ in Russian means ‘chest’ or ‘trunk’ which explains how the place got its modern name.

‘For many years I tried to unravel these mystery ‘chests’, said Professor Vitaly Larichev, of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography at the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Determined to decode some of the mysteries of Sunduki, he admits he became an ‘astro-archeologist’.

‘We don’t dig in the ground – we study what ancient people knew about astronomy’, he said.

‘What I discovered was a surprise even to myself. Comparing maps accumulated over many years of astronomical observations, I came to understand that here in Sunduki, we can see the oldest astronomical observatory certainly in Asia. Its age is about 16,000 years old. The ancient inhabitants of this valley daily observed the sunset, the sunrise and the moon’.

The mounds and strategic rocks and clefts can be used to predict the solstice and even tell the time:

High on one cliff wall is a rock engraving showing dragon heads in one direction, and snake heads in the other.

‘If the sun were shining, we could tell the time,’ he said. ‘In the morning the shadow moves along the snake’s body from his head to his tail, and in the afternoon it comes from the other direction along the dragon.

‘From the same observation point you can determine true north and south by sighting along the mountains’.



Still today showing petroglyphs of every kind, the mounds of Sunduki were seemingly natural formations, to which shamans added stones and perhaps carved clefts to make them into these observatories. Obviously a powerful magical place, deeply imbued with the spirits, maybe even having its own Shape. Most likely, though, it could instead connect one versed in right right mysteries, knowing the songs to sing, the steps to dance and the herbs to chew, directly to that glorious, godly, glaring Shape: the Sun. Or perhaps leaping through the cleft at the Solstice might bring one directly into the spirit realm of the Sun, or else into another Solstice, years in the past…